Sheldon GARON
List of Publications

Recent publications

“The Home Front and Food Insecurity in Wartime Japan: A Transnational Perspective,“ in Hartmut Berghoff, Jan Logemann, and Felix Römer, eds., The Consumer on the Home Front: Second World War Civilian Consumption in Comparative Perspective (Oxford University Press, 2017), 29-53.

“Transnational History and Japan’s ‘Comparative Advantage,’” Journal of Japanese Studies 43, no. 1 (Winter 2017): 65-92.

“Defending Civilians against Aerial Bombardment: A Comparative/Transnational History of Japanese, German, and British Home Fronts, 1918-1945,” jointly published in Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus, Vol. 14, Issue 23, No. 2 (December 1, 2016), and in Mass Violence and Resistance, Sciences Po, Special Issue on Bombing of Civilians in Asia and Around the World (December 1, 2016),

“‘Total War’ or ‘Fascism’? Reflections on Grassroots Fascism: The War Experience of the Japanese People,” Verge: Studies in Global Asias 2, no. 2 (2016): 25-28.

“Riben jiejian de kuaguoshi” [Transnational history of Japanese thrift], in Quanqiushi, quyüshi yü guobieshi: Fudan, Dongda Pulinsidun sanxiao hezuo huiyi lunwenji [Global history, regional history, and national history] (Beijing: Zhonghua Bookstore, 2016), 168-79.

“Nihonteki ken’yaku no toransunashonaru na rekishi” [Transnational history of Japanese thrift], in Haneda Masashi, ed., Gurōbaru hisutorii to higashi Ajiashi (Tokyo: Tōkyō daigaku shuppankai, 2016), 275-93.

“Ursprünge und Entwicklung der Strategischen Bombardierung” [Origins and development of strategic bombing], in Gorch Pieken, Mathias Rogg, and Ansgar Snethlage, eds., Schlachthof 5: Dresdens Zerstörung in literarischen Zeugnissen (Dresden: Militär Historisches Museum, 2015), 29-41.


Beyond Our Means: Why America Spends While the World Saves (Princeton University Press, 2012).

Molding Japanese Minds: The State in Everyday Life (Princeton University Press, 1997).

The State and Labor in Modern Japan (University of  California Press, 1987).

—and Patricia Maclachlan, eds., The Ambivalent Consumer: Questioning Consumption in East Asia and the West
(Cornell University Press, 2006).

“Britain and Japan,” Irrepressible Adventures with Britannia: Personalities, Politics and Culture in Britain, ed. Wm. Roger Louis (London: I. B. Tauris, 2013), 273-85.

“The Savings Mentality and Promotion of Saving in the United States from an International Historical Perspective,” in Wer spart wie? Sparverhalten und kulturelle Vielfalt (Stuttgart: Deutscher Sparkassen Verlag, 2011): 45-60.

“A Savings Account at the Post Office,” Global Public Square, blog,, January 12, 2012,

“Why We Spend, Why They Save, New York Times, op-ed, November 25, 2011, sec. A.

“Beyond Our Means: Why America Spends While the World Saves,” News and Views (World Savings Banks Institute), September 2011, pp. 19-21.

“How America Shortchanges Its Kids about Thrift,” guest blog, Marketplace (America Public Media/NPR), June 17, 2011,

“State and Family in Modern Japan: A Historical Perspective,” Economy and Society 39, no. 3 (August 2010): 317-36.

“Access to Japanese Archives: From the Point of View of the Student of Modern Japanese History,” in Chiyoko Ogawa and Izumi Koide, eds., Aakaibu e no akusesu [Access to Archives] (Nichigai, 2008), 167-72.

“The Transnational Promotion of Saving in Asia: ‘Asian Values’ or the ‘Japanese Model’?” in Garon and Maclachlan, eds., The Ambivalent Consumer: Questioning Consumption in East Asia, Europe, and America (Cornell University Press, 2006), 163-87.

“Japan’s Post-war ‘Consumer Revolution,’ or Striking a ‘Balance’ between Consumption and Saving,” in John Brewer and Frank Trentmann, eds., Consuming Cultures, Global Perspectives: Historical Trajectories, Transnational Exchanges (Berg, 2006), 189-217.

“A Historian’s Take,” Roundtable on Richard J. Samuels, Machiavelli’s Children: Leaders and Their Legacies in
Italy and Japan, Journal of East Asian Studies 6 (2006):7-12

“Comment” on Randall K. Morck and Masao Nakamura, “A Frog in a Well Knows Nothing of the Ocean: A History of
Corporate Ownership in Japan,” in Morck, A History of Corporate Governance around the World: Family Business
Groups to Professional Managers (University of Chicago  Press, 2005), 459-65.

“Savings-promotion as Economic Knowledge: Transnational Insights from the Japanese Experience,” in Martin
Daunton and Frank Trentmann, eds., Worlds of Political Economy (Palgrave Macmillan, 2004), 163-88.

“From Meiji to Heisei: The State and Civil Society in Japan,” in Frank J. Schwartz and Susan J. Pharr, eds., The State of Civil Society in Japan (Cambridge University Press, 2003), 42-62.

« Saving for ‘My Own Good and the Good of the Nation’: Economic Nationalism in Modern Japan, » in Sandra Wilson,
Ed., Nation and Nationalism in Japan (RoutledgeCurzon, 2002) 97-114.

“Japan: State, Society, and Collective Goods versus the Individual,” in Robert H. Taylor, ed., The Idea of  Freedom in Asia and Africa (Stanford University Press, 2002), 214-47.

« The Evolution of Civil Society: From Meiji to Heisei, »  Civil Society in the Asia-Pacific Monograph Series, Program on U.S.-Japanese Relations, Harvard University, 2002.

« Japanese Policies toward Poverty and Public Assistance: A Historical Perspective, » WBI Working Papers (World Bank
Institute, 2002).

Contributions to The Encyclopedia of Contemporary Japan (Routledge, 2002).

–and Mike Mochizuki, “Shakai keiyaku no kōshō [Negotiating Social Contracts],” in Rekishi to shite no sengo nihon, ed. Andrew Gordon (Tokyo: Misuzu shob¬ō, 2001), 237-64,xxv-xxix.

« Fashioning a Culture of Thrift: Promoting Saving in Twentieth-century Japan, » in Japan in the Global Age, Ed. Masao Nakamura (Vancouver: Centre for Japanese Research, University of British Columbia, 2001),137-55.

“Luxury is the Enemy: Mobilizing Savings and Popularizing Thrift in Wartime Japan,” Journal of Japanese Studies
26, no. 1 (Winter 2000):41-78.

“State and Society in Interwar Japan,” in Historical Perspectives on Contemporary East Asia, ed. Merle  Goldman and Andrew Gordon (Harvard University Press, 2000), 155-82.

“Collective Labor Law in Japan Since 1882,” in The Rise and Development of Collective Labour Law, ed. Marcel van der Linden and Richard Price (Bern: Peter Lang, 2000), 199-226.

“Economic Expansion or Social Stability? That May Be the Question,” in Democracy and Prosperity: Growth, Efficiency and Fairness (Tokyo: Institute for International Policy Studies and Tokyo American Center, 2000), 37-52.

“`Saving the Nation’: Saving for the Nation: The Japanese State’s Promotion of Thrift after World War II,” in Japan: State and People in the Twentieth Century, STICERD 20th Anniversary Symposium, ed. Janet Hunter (London: STICERD, London School of Economics, 1999),73-98.

« Fashioning a Culture of Diligence and Thrift: Savings and Frugality Campaigns in Japan, 1900-1931, » in Japan’s Competing Modernities: Issues in Culture and Democracy, 1900-1930, ed. Sharon Minichiello (University of Hawaii Press, 1998), 312-34.

“The Long Arm of the State,” Los Angeles Times, June 1, 1997.
« Cracking Down on Religious Sects: A Venerable Japanese  Tradition, » Los Angeles Times, May 28, 1995.

« Social Knowledge and the State in the Industrial Relations of Japan (1882-1940) and Great Britain (1870-1914), » in States, Social Knowledge, and the Origins of Modern Social Policies, ed. Dietrich Rueschemeyer and Theda Skocpol (Princeton University Press,1996), 264-95.

« Rethinking Modernization and Modernity in Japanese History: A Focus on State-Society Relations, » Journal of Asian Studies, 53, no. 2 (May 1994):346-66.

« The World’s Oldest Debate? Prostitution and the State in Imperial Japan, 1900-1945, » American Historical Review 97, no. 3 (June 1993):710-32.

« Women’s Groups and the Japanese State: Contending Approaches to Political Integration, 1890-1945, »  Journal of Japanese Studies 19, no. 1 (Winter 1993):5-41.

–and Mike Mochizuki, « Negotiating Social Contracts, » in Postwar Japan as History, ed. Andrew Gordon (University of California Press, 1993), 145-66.

“Toward a History of Twentieth-century Japan: A Review Essay of The Cambridge History of Japan, vol. 6, » Monumenta Nipponica 45 (Autumn 1990):339-52.

« State and Religion in Imperial Japan, 1912-1945, » Journal of Japanese Studies 12 (Summer 1986):273-302.

« The Imperial Bureaucracy and Labor Policy in Postwar Japan, » Journal of Asian Studies 43 (May 1984):441-57.
« State Autonomy and Labor in Modern Japan since 1882, »

Working Papers in Asian/Pacific Studies, Asian/Pacific Studies Institute, Duke University, summer 1986.

Review of Christopher L. Hill, National History and the  World of Nations: Capital, State, and the Rhetoric of History in Japan, France, and the United States, in Journal of Japanese Studies 36, no. 2 (Summer 2010): 427-31.

“Featured Review: Occupied Japan: Embracing Defeat or Surviving the Americans?” Review of John W. Dower, Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II, in Diplomatic History 25, no. 2 (Spring 2001):341-45.

Review of Louise Young, Japan’s Total Empire: Manchuria and the Culture of Wartime Imperialism, in Monumenta
Nipponica 53.4 (Winter 1998):565-68.

Review of J.E. Thomas, Modern Japan: A Social History since 1868, in International Review of Social History
43.2 (August 1998):311-14.

Review of Gregory J. Kasza, The Conscription Society: Administered Mass Organizations, in Journal of Japanese Studies 23.1 (Winter 1997):187-90.

Review of Michael Weiner, Race and Migration in Imperial Japan, in International Review of Social History 41.1
(April 1996):96-98.

Review of John W. Dower, Japan in War and Peace: Selected Essays, in Journal of Japanese Studies 21 (Summer 1995):
Review of Richard H. Mitchell, Janus-Faced Justice: Political Criminals in Imperial Japan, in Pacific Affairs 66 (Winter 1993-94):591-93.

Review of Miriam Silverberg, Changing Song: The Marxist Manifestos of Nakano Shigeharu, in American Historical Review, June 1993.

Review of Michael Lewis, Rioters & Citizens: Mass Protest in Imperial Japan, in Journal of Japanese Studies,  Summer 1991.

Review of D. Eleanor Westney, Imitation and Innovation, in Labor History, Fall 1990.

Review of Sharon Nolte, Liberalism in Modern Japan, in  Journal of Japanese Studies, 14 (Winter 1988).

Review of Yoshitake Oka, Five Political Leaders of Modern Japan, in American Historical Review, April 1988.

Review of Carol Gluck, Japan’s Modern Myths, in American Historical Review, April 1987.

Review of Sharon Minichiello, Retreat from Reform, in J. of Asian Studies 44 (August 1985):844-46.

Review of Robert Scalapino, The Early Japanese Labor Movement, in Pacific Affairs 58 (Winter 1985-86):710-12.

Review of Stephen Large, Organized Workers and Socialist Politics in Interwar Japan, in J. of Asian Studies 42
(November 1982):167-69.